Convención sobre Protección Física de los Materiales Nucleares
Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material
The Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material was signed by Spain on 7th April 1986.
The term “physical protection” refers to activities and measures for the prevention and detection of and timely response to theft, sabotage or illegal transfers of nuclear material. Under this convention, the states parties undertake to guarantee protection for nuclear material on their soil or aboard their ships or aircraft during international transport.
Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident
The Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident was signed by Spain on 26th September 1986.
This convention establishes a system for reporting accidents that might give rise to cross-border emissions with radiological implications for other states, so that the implicated states can take the necessary protective measures with the least possible delay. The Spanish Nuclear Safety Council (CSN) is the competent authority in Spain that is designated to handle contacts and alerts to and from the states involved and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The CSN’s performs these functions by means of its Emergency Room.
Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency
The Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency was signed by Spain on 26th September 1986.
The articles of this convention establish mechanisms of international cooperation for assistance and support in the event of a nuclear accident or emergency. These terms supplement the system of rules established in the Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident. The CSN cooperates with the Directorate General of Civil Protection and Emergencies to uphold Spain’s commitments under this convention.
Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic (OSPAR)
The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic was signed on 22nd September 1992.
The fundamental objective of OSPAR is to conserve marine ecosystems and human health and to protect and restore as much as possible marine areas affected negatively by human activities, by preventing and eliminating pollution. Among other areas, the convention develops strategies for reducing discharges, emissions and loss of control over hazardous substances. The CSN is a member of the Radioactive Substances Committee and prepares the annual report on discharges by Spanish nuclear and non-nuclear facilities, as required by the convention.
Conventions on Civil Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy
Spain is a party to the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy of 29th July 1960 and the Brussels Supplementary Convention of 31st January 1964, which have been jointly amended several times since their signing.
These conventions establish and set limits on the scope of the liability of the operator of a facility where a nuclear incident takes place and the operator’s obligation to take insurance or provide a financial guarantee to cover that liability. The conventions also make special rules that apply to damage occurring during the transport of nuclear material.