¿Que es una emergencia nuclear?
Nuclear and radiological emergencies in Spain are regulated by the national public protection system and the requirements set out for using nuclear power and ionising radiations. The public protection perspective serves as a basis for the general principles of organisation, the responsibilities and the rights and duties of the citizens, the public administrations and the licensees of practices regarding the planning, preparedness and response to emergencies. There are also established emergency plans for actions outside the facilities when accidents occurring in them have the potential to affect third parties.
From the nuclear regulation perspective, emergency plans are required in every radiological practice with specific criteria set for the levels and techniques of intervention as well as the protective measures on which the plans are based. Some activities not covered by nuclear or radiological regulations but in which there is a radiation risk also have emergency action plans. Given the special nature of nuclear and radiation emergencies, the Nuclear Safety Council (CSN) assumes a series of functions in this matter that go beyond its competences as a nuclear regulatory body.
To carry out these functions with an appropriate degree of effectiveness and efficiency, the CSN has an emergency organisation that complements its normal working organisation and that has an operational structure under a single command, the Chair, who manages and takes decisions, and in which its technical and logistics units participate according to an action plan set up specifically for these cases and that is activated depending on the severity of the accident that triggers the emergency.
All the applicable regulations can be found in CSN > Regulation.